Niccolo Machiavelli was a diplomat, historian, philosopher, and politician in Florence during the Renaissance in Italy. Niccolo was born in Florence during a very volatile time in Italian history. Because of the constant wars between the pope and the city-states of Italy allegiances were constantly changing which may have actually been beneficial to Machiavelli’s education as a youth. Machiavelli learned several languages in his younger days and mastered many scholarly topics. At the age of 29 Niccolo was appointed the head of a council in charge of military affairs. In 1513 Niccolo was removed from office and as a result arrested, imprisoned, and tortured but was eventually released due to his constant denial of guilt in the conspiracy accusations. Machiavelli’s most famous piece of writing is known now as “The Prince”. “The Prince” is a work of political philosophy and is still commonly referred to as the first piece of modern philosophy. This famous piece of work has also been analyzed by scholars and is sometimes referred to as nothing more than a satire on tyrannical rulers. Late in Niccolo Machiavelli’s life he retired to his home although he still had a passion for politics. To continue this love of politics he remained friends with people in the political circles of Italy and often participated in lectures involving politics. Niccolo Machiavelli died in 1527 at the age of 58, he was buried in his hometown of Florence.